Ipe Decking

Denomination: Ipè
Botanical denomination: Tabebuia
Geographical area: Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia
Weaving: Fine
Grain: Various – often intertwined
Volume mass: Varies from 850 Kg / mc to 1180 Kg / m
Shrinkage: From low to medium
Specificshrincage: 0.22
Dimensional stability: **** Medium-High
Brinell penetration hardness: **** High
Durability: Excellent
Oxidation: Medium
Coating: May offer some difficulties due to the presence of oleoresins
Various notes: Like most exotic materials, Ipè wood can have different varieties of color.
Mechanical characteristics on impact: very low Defects: painting is difficult due to the presence of natural oils inside the timber

Merbau Decking

Denomination: Merbau
Botanical denomination: Afzelia Bijuga
Geographical area: South East Asia, Philippines
Texture: Coarse
Fibration: Irregular, often interwoven or wavy
Volume mass: 600-1000 Kg / M3
Shrinkage: low specific
Shrinkage: 0.18
Size-related stability : ***** High
Hardness of Brinell penetration: ***** High
Durability: Excellent for heartwood
Poor for Sapwood Oxidation: Medium-High
Coating: No problems, high bottom consumption
Various notes: Presence of mineral concretions
Mechanical impact characteristics: discrete
Defects: yellowish mineral bags, silicon

Teak Decking

Denomination: outdoor teak
Botanical name: Tectona grandis
Geographical area: Asia
Texture: medium chopped
Fibration: straight
Density: 500-700 Kg / M3
Shrinkage: medium
Specific shrinkage: 0.22
Dimensional stability: **** Medium
Penetration hardness of Brinell: ***
Average life: excellent
Oxidation: medium
Coating: it can present some difficulties due to the presence of oleoresins Various notes: Compared to teak Asia it has secondary mechanical characteristics, lower oleoresin content, greater porosity, and larger year rings. Analogical characteristics that occur in teak from plantations of differents origins from the Asiatic ones
Mechanical impact characteristics: very low
Defects: painting is difficult due to the presence of natural oils inside the timber

Iroko

Denomination: Iroko Botanical name: Milicia excelsa C.C. Berg. Geographical area: Africa, Guinea
Texture: Medium-coarse
Fibration: Not very regular
Volume mass: 560-75 0Kg / M3
Shrinkage: Medium-High Specific shrinkage: 0.25
Dimensional stability: *****
High Hardness of Brinell penetration: *** Medium
Durability: Good for the heartwood, Poor for Sapwood
Oxidation: High
Coating: With some products it can present problems due to reactions with the extractives and substances with antioxidant action
Various notes: Content of mineral concretions. With the oxidation of some elements, we can present lighter or much darker.
Mechanical characteristics on impact: low
Defects: silicon, chromatic alterations from oxidation